Cultura de Zacatecas

The mining vocation maintained a great part of the population occupied in this economic activity. To work in the mines it was necessary to work in pairs. On Saturdays, at the end of the long work journeys, the ¨barreteros¨ went out to look for friends and families to reproduce noise with their tools. These improvised celebrations use to be all night and the women of the town were instructed to pick up their husbands in jail the next morning, if they did not arrive home. Today, a group of 8 to 10 musicians play the Zacateca march to begin their run through the streets of the city, taking a break here and there to hand out a mix of Huitzila to all who accompany them. As for gastronomy, the Zacatecas kitchen inherited the taste of meso American cultures that is distinguished in great parts of this country. The most representative dish is the ¨asado de boda¨, its name is because it is the most popular dish served at weddings. Its exquisite taste is motive for a party, for in it is a great variety of tastes represented in the pork meat, chile ancho, and chocolate. The most representative aspect of the Zacatecas culture is probably the regional fiestas. The people dress elegantly with color on numerous occasions during the year to celebrate patron, religious, civic and personal fiestas. In January, the Fiesta of the Papapquis in Nochistlan and the Fiestas del Niño de las Palomitas, in Tacoaleche, Guadalupe, are celebrated. In February, as in many Mexican communities, the Carnival Fair and the Fiestas de la Calendaria are celebrated. In March, different counties celebrate the Fiestas of San Jose. On the week of Easter the Culture Festival of Zacatecas is celebrated in the capital of the state. In June, in Cuauhtémoc, Zacatecas the festivities of San Pedro and San Pablo are celebrated. The Zacatecas festival of International Folklore is organized in the capital during the month of July every year. In the following month, the Morismos Del Bracho is also celebrated in the capital. In Ojocaliente, Zacatecas, the celebration of the Tuna and Grape Fair fills the streets during the month of September. In this same month the famous National Fair of Zacatecas takes place. In other communities of the entity, this month is chosen to celebrate religious fiestas to the Virgin of Soledad, the virgin of the Merced and the fiestas of San Miguel. The Fiestas of San Juan Bautista in Vetagrande, the National Fair of Huanusco, the Regional Fair in Nochistlan in the place of the same name, the Anniversary Fair of Luis Moya, Zacatecas and the International Festival of Theatre in the street of the city of Zacatecas, take place in October. To close the year, numerous regional fairs are celebrated in the communities of Concepcion Del Oro, Calera de Victor Rosales, Loreto, Guadalupe, Valparaiso, Villa Garcia, Jalpa, Tabasco and Tepechitlan; while in Fresnillo, its inhabitants enjoy the Santo Niño de Atocha fiestas.

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