Geografia de Baja California Sur

The Californian Peninsula is a stretch of land with an area of 143,600 sq. km. It is separated from Mexican territory in the northeast by the Colorado River and the Sea of Cortez or Gulf of California. On the north it borders the North American state of California, once part of Mexican territory and known as Alta California. To the south and west it borders the Pacific Ocean. It is 1200 km long and its width ranges between 45 and 250 km. It is surrounded by 35 islands totaling 1500 sq. Km. in area. Fifteen of the islands are part of the state of Baja California South. The California South state has an area of 71,428 sq. km. with 2,230 km of coast line. Beautiful bays like Ballenas, Concepcion, Vizcaino and La Paz are found along the coast. Deserts, sierras and coastline flatlands make up the landscape. The climate is desert like in most parts of the state. Cardon, mezquite and wild-lettuce, along with mountain lions, plants and wildlife characteristic of this ecosystem, are found in the Central and Vizcaino Deserts. Parallel to the coast lies the Sierra de la Giganta, with pine and oak forests. To the west, the coastline flatlands form beautiful plains like the Llanos Santa Clara, Magdalena and Hiray, just to name a few. Biosphere Natural Reserve of El Vizcaíno, with its 2.5 million hectares, is the largest natural reserve in Latin America. It is located in the Mulege municipality and extends from the west end of the Vizcaino Peninsula and the San Ignacio and Ojo de Liebre lakes, passing over the San Francisco Sierra, to the shores of the Sea of Cortez and the islands in the Gulf. The natural and historical richness of this site is of unbelievable dimensions. In the lakes, from December through March, gray whales come to mate and raise their calves. Inland, there are 469 flora species with 39 of them being endemic of the Vizcaino Desert. The kangaroo rat and the rock squirrel are also exclusive of his zone. The fisher eagle, brown pelican, red heron, puma, lynx, wandering hawk and Mexican hawk are some of the animals that live here. The white headed eagle and the peninsular bull are in the endangered species extinction list. It is important to mention that even though agriculture, livestock, hunting and fishing are illegal, humans are still carrying them out inside the Reserve boundaries, thus threatening this dazzling natural heaven.

Articles Releated with Baja California Sur

As is known to all, on September 15 is celebrated in Mexico ...

In the year 1531, as told by the historical documents, took ...

This region of Mexico is, maybe, besides the Cancun region a...

Free Trade Agreement Mexico - European Union In Europe, o...

Mexico offers hundreds of fascinating camping sites. We rec...

Remedios Varo was born on December 16, 1908 in Gerona, Spain...

The Voter’s Mexican Credential or Federal Electoral Insti...

Beverages known as Aguas Frescas in Mexico are the perfect c...

Most Viewed

5th of February, Commemoration of the Constitution’s Promulgation

The 1917 Constitution is the result of a long historical ...

The Most Important Natural Disasters Occurred in Mexico

Undoubtedly, the centuries of human activity have left their...

Migration in Mexico

One of Mexico’s fundamental problems is migratory flow. A...

Mexico's Main Power Plants

Traditionally, the Comisión Federal de electricida...

Miguel Hidalgo, Mexican Independence

Miguel Hidalgo is one of the most recognized characters i...

The Cristero War

The Cristero War is also known as Cristiada. It was an arme...

The War of Reform, History of Mexico

Mexico’s War of Reform, also known as the Three Year War, oc...

Day of the Dead Celebration in Pátzcuaro, Michoacán

The Day of the Dead in Mexico originated in the prehispanic ...