Economia de Baja California

“BC, Big for You “ is the slogan for the government’s social and economic development plan that is taking place. Its main objectives are to develop a sustainable economy; to strengthen the governments highest marks - its specialized labor and strategic geographical location-; and to compensate the weaker ones such as high demographic concentration in the northern part of the state. Baja California has a highly developed transportation infrastructure. The five main cities are linked through a modern 4 lane highway network. The freighter train service connects with the North American network in two points, Mexicali-Calexico and Tijuana-Tecate. Three international airports in Mexicali, Tijuana and San Felipe offer their service to the large number of passengers and freight that goes through the state. Its geographical location makes it possible for it to have five marine ports with a large commercial inflow. Ensenada port , on the Pacific Ocean offers access to the products of the pacific basin. While in San Felipe on the California Gulf, the port and airport are exclusively for tourism. In 2004, Gross Domestic Product in Baja California was 29% tourism, commerce, restaurants and hotel services; 22% other personal, community and social services; 20% manufacture industry; 14% for financial and real-estate services; and 10% transportation and communication industry. The main established industries have organized themselves in clusters with the help of the government. The airspace industry stands out as it is the biggest in the country; manufacture and assembling of airplane parts, interior design and other services for these aircrafts are some of the activities carried on. Manufacture and assembling of electronic devices such as cellular phones, marine radars, microchips, electronic boards and semiconductors generate 91,000 direct jobs for the people. In 2007 there were 193 electronic plants operating in the region mainly in the municipality of Tijuana, monopolizing 62% of the jobs of the sector. Toyota and Kenworth are two automobile industries that are betting on the industry in Baja California. The biotechnology industry has been able to develop thanks to the highly qualified labor that is found in the municipality of Ensenada. Health and medical products and services have found Baja California to be the ideal spot to develop; these two clusters are today made up of more than 20 companies. The Mediterranean climate of the northeastern part of the state and the Spanish heritage have made the wine industry the most important in Mexico, as it produces 90% of all Mexican wines.

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