About Villahermosa

Also known as the “Emerald of the Southeast”, Villahermosa is a city of beautiful and exotic landscapes, it is part of the territory that originated the prehispanic mother culture of all other Mesoamerican ethnic groups in Mexico; however, it is also the best kept secret in Mexico, despite its great tourism attributes, it hasn’t consolidated as a key tourism destination in the country.

History tells that in the second Spanish expedition to Cuba for new territory, Captain Juan de Grijalva reached the current territory of Tabasco. The river through which the expedition’s men accessed was called Grijalva, in honor of the Captain. In that same year, 1518, Hernan Cortes explored the provinces of Cupilcón, Tumulán, Agalulco and Anaxuca, among others. Once the conquest labor began, the Spanish had to subdue the Chontal Indians in one of the era’s most famous fights, the Battle of Centla, occurring in 1519. Once the invader’s superiority was established, Cortes was able to found the first villa under European domain, Santa María de la Victoria. Also, as a gift for his victory, Cortes received one of the most useful instruments for his conquering labor, an Indian woman, Mallinali Tenepal, better known as Malinche.

Starting in 1530, the efforts of Francisco Montejo “El Viejo” began for conquering the Peninsula of Yucatan and populating Tabasco. Despite his multiple efforts, the conquest of Yucatan proved to be a very difficult enterprise and he decided to leave the government of Tabasco in the hands of his namesake son, Francisco Montejo “El Joven”.

During that era, the Gulf’s coast was threatened by the constant attacks of European pirates, who in Campeche prompted the fortification of the villa, and in Tabasco made the residents of Santa María de la Victoria flee upriver to settle far from the reach of the new invaders of the new community of Villahermosa de San Juan Bautista, founded in 1596. Almost 50 years later, in 1641, it was declared capital of the territory of Tabasco. However, the difficult life conditions delayed this villa’s growth, for which it reached the category of city until 1826.

During the North American invasion to the country, Villahermosa was bombarded by the enemy, who took control and named an interim governor of North American origin. In the second invasion suffered by Mexico, this time by the French army, the people from Tabasco achieved to repel the attack led by Colonel Gregorio Mendez.

With a current population close to 330 thousand inhabitants, the capital of Tabasco is located in the municipality called Centro, which is formed by 7 villas, 1 town and 132 farms. Located in an area of abundant rainfall, the city has a humid tropical climate, with temperatures up to 104º F in the summer and a yearly average temperature of 77º F.

Despite belonging to one of the poorest States in the country, the people from Villahermosa never tire in the struggle for progress, for which today they have a great commercial and business infrastructure known as Complejo Tabasco 2000. And in the year 2007 began the possibility to create the Universidad de Villahermosa, public university that will provide education to the thousands of applicants that are left without space to study each year in the State’s autonomous university for a lack of capacity and economical resources to attend a private institution.
 

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