About Durango

In 1554 Spanish conqueror Francisco de Ibarra started to explore the current territory of Durango. On July 8 of 1563, the newly appointed governor of the province founded the villa of Durango in the territory he would call Nueva Vizcaya, in memory of his land of origin. This is why he also chose de name Durango, because the city's namesake in Spain.

The location of the villa was chosen for a mineral mountain called Mercado, in honor of its discoverer and the vast valley located near these mines. The city's first church was the Iglesia de la Asunción.

The valley's vocation was eminently agricultural, so its founder and governor promoted the activity among Europeans and natives, thus avoiding the Indian resistance, who together with the rest of the country's north were distinguished for harshly opposing the Spaniard's arrival.

The municipality has an extension of 10,041 squared kilometers and in its East valleys allow agricultural development and in its west the mountains. Of template climate, in the valleys the average temperature is 66.2°F, while in the high areas it is 59°F; an agreeable climate for human settlements, without extreme seasons.

According to the last Censo Nacional de Población y Vivienda, INEGI, 2005, the municipality of Durango has a population of 464,566 inhabitants.

The locality's most outstanding economic activities are commerce and services, forestry (pine and oak) and regarding the industrial sector there are clothes manufacturing plants, textiles, livestock and mining.

Additionally, it has an international airport, four lane highways to Nuevo Laredo and Ciudad Juarez and railroads.

Articles Releated with Durango

The “Baluarte Bicentenario” Bridge in Mexico

The “Baluarte Bicentenario” Bridge (or Bicentenni...

Agriculture in Mexico

Even though agriculture in Mexico occupies a minor role i...

Francisco I. Madero, Biography and Information

He was born on the 30th of October 1873 at Hacienda el Ro...

UNAM, and it's history

Started under the name of Real y Pontificia Universidad d...

The Mexica Civilization and their Sculptures

The Mexica called themselves original from the mythologic...

Victoriano Huerta

José Victoriano Huerta Márquez was born in ...

Most Viewed

Emiliano Zapata

Of rural mestizo origin, he was a revolutionary leader de...

Antiguo Colegio de San Ildefonso Museum

It is located on Justo Sierra #16, in Mexico City’s Histo...

The Tobacco Cave, Mexico

During the War of Reform, the confrontation between liber...