About Ciudad de México

Land of an unparallel natural beauty, the region of Anáhuac hypnotized with its splendor each individual who reached the watery valley safeguarded by the jealous snowed volcanoes Popocatepetl and Iztaccihuatl, the Nevado de Toluca and the strong mountains of Chiquihuite and Tres Padres.

Coming from the mythical City of Aztlan, the followers of Lord Tenoch spent hundreds of years in pilgrimage searching for the place of the divine prophecy their gods had given them, the place where an eagle standing atop a cactus was devouring a snake.

The compliance of the sacred prophecy reached the Mexica in the year 1325 at the place we now know as Mexico City, capital of a nation of more than 100 million Mexicans and symbol of a rich and diverse culture of mixed races.

The geographic conditions of such natural paradise didn't diminish the Mexica intentions and took to the task of constructing over the great lakes the land of their dreams. The rock, reed and soil terraces over which they built the great Aztec Empire win the amazement and admiration of everyone who knows the history of its foundation and today sustain one of the four most populated cities in the world.

The surface covered by the spectacular City of Tenochtitlán was close to the size of powerful Rome, inhabited by thousands of Aztecs; its ceremonial center was the largest of the world covering over a surface of 100 thousand square meters.

The arrival of Hernan Cortes, with an army of Spaniards and Indians enemies of the Aztecs, to the gates of the great Tenochtitlán on August 13 of 1521, is one of the most important historic events of our country. The fall of the empire's capital contributed to conquering the rest of Mexico's valley territory.

Thus, a new era started in the life of Mexicans, now under the absolute control of the Kings of Spain, who soon imposed their government in the form of a Viceroyalty in what became known as New Spain.

The new colonial capital was placed on top of the former Aztec center, reinforcing the Spanish domain over the whole valley. Currently, this zone corresponds to the city's Historic Center.

The millions of citizens of the capital, 8.7 million to be exact, currently living in Mexico City are mostly descendents of Mexicans from the provinces, of Spaniards, French, Italians, Chinese, North Americans, Lebanese and other foreigners who fleeing from their country's crisis reached Mexico City, today one of the most cosmopolitan cities in the world.

This is how contemporary "“chilanga"” culture, derogative term used by the rest of the country, is the result of a great cultural fusion where everyone fits in. Hence, for example, religious expressions each have their own space for expression, from a Jewish synagogue to an Islamic majid. Regarding the religions that shaped Mexican culture, Catholicism, the cult of people from the capital to the Virgin of Guadalupe is one of its identity's strongest traits, the Guadalupana is the intervening mother of Mexiquenses before the Father and is also of dark skin and humble as our Indian ancestors. For which during your trip through the capital you will find profound evidence of the religious fervor in merchants of religious articles, images of the Virgin in taxis, automobiles and t-shirts; and masses of people in their daily visit to the temple of the Mexicans, the Basilica of Guadalupe.

With a density of 5,800 persons per square kilometer, the Mexican capital occupies the first place in this segment, which translates into a constant struggle for everything, meaning, the overpopulation experienced by the city has shaped the chilango personality, whoever is careless loses his job, the project, the opportunity and anything else to anyone who snatches it away for being more skilled and alert; therefore, their attitude towards employment and life in general is very different from the Mexicans of the provinces who don't have to constantly watch their backs in order to survive.
 

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